Are you familiar with the rent act? If not read this article
Are you paying too much in rent? Can your landlord kick you out? Get the answers here
In the big study cities, it can be very hard to find a place to live. When you find your place, you need to be aware about the rent act and rules in Denmark. If you are not aware, it can be an expansive ride. To help students we made a list with some of the most important rules to know.
First, there is difference between renting and subletting. When you are renting, you are renting the apartment from a landlord who owns the apartment. When you are subletting, you are renting the apartment from someone who is already renting from a landlord.
#1 Is my rent reasonable?
Only in properties made after 31.12.1991 or properties in a non-rent controlled municipality, there is free market pricing. This means that the landlord can decide what the rent can be, as long as it is fair.
If you live in a property, which is made before, 31.12.1991 and is in a controlled municipality there is a maximum on how much a landlord can ask for in rent. Are you convinced that you are paying too much in rent; it can be a good idea to contact “huslejenævnet” and get their opinion on it. “Huslejenævnet” can if you are paying too much, decrease your rent and in certain cases give you retro respective a year back.
#2 Prepaid rent and deposit
Your landlord can ask for 3 months’ prepaid rent and 3 months’ rent as deposit. However, what is the difference?
Prepaid rent is a security for your landlord and will be use if you misheld your agreement and won’t pay rent. If you on the other hand do pay rent on time, this money will be used as paid rent for the last three month you are staying in the apartment.
Deposit is also some kind a security for your landlord. When you have to move out the money from deposit will be used to cover damage. If you did not damage much, you will get most of your money back - so take good care of your apartment.
Remember that you might also be asked to pay rent for the month you are moving in. This means you might have to pay 7 month rent in total when you are moving in.
#3 Can your landlord ”kick you out”?
If you are renting a whole apartment, it is not that easy for your landlord to ”kick you out”. If you are renting a housing cooperative or condominium, you can only be asked to leave if the landlord has to live in the apartment himself. If this is the case, you have a year to leave the apartment.
If you are only renting one room, you can be terminated with a months’ notice.
OBS. Be aware that other rules apply if you are subletting.
#4 How long a resignation do I have?
Generally, you have 3 months, but you can agree a shorter or a longer notice. Write it down when you go through the lease contract.
Remember. This rule applies only to the tenant's termination and not the landlord
#5 You can maybe sublet your apartment if you have to study abroad
If you are renting an apartment, you can actually sublet your apartment for 2 years, if there is at least 13 residential apartments in the property you live in. If you want to sublet your apartment, you have to be aware that you have to give a valid reason, which can be illness, study abroad etc.
OBS. If you want to sublet your apartment you need landlords accept, unless you only want to rent one room that is less den 50% of the overall apartments square meter.
#6 If you are renting, but don’t have a lease contract, then general rules of rent act will apply
Are you renting without a lease contract, then the general rules of rent act will apply. This means that there is not an end date to when you have to leave the apartment.
#7 Have you heard about 2 year renting rule?
When you need to vacate your apartment, your landlord can not require you to redecorate the apartment. Landlord may only require a normal restoration, which involves whitewashing, wallpapering of walls, painting, sanding floors.
When you rent an apartment, it is your landlord's responsibility to maintain the lease, both inside and outside, unless it is agreed that the tenant is responsible for the internal maintenance.
#10 It sounds boring, but make a list of defects when you move into an apartment.
When you move into an apartment, it can be a great idea to make a list of defects, as it can save you a lot of money when moving out. Your list of defects must be made within 14 days of occupation and it is recommended to document with pictures and get a signature from the landlord.
If you need help with your lease, contact LLO